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Involvement of other health professionals in torture

Health professionals may at times have concerns that other health professionals might be participating directly or indirectly in the torture or other ill-treatment of individuals. The appropriate course of action in such cases can depend on the particular circumstances, for instance, whether the concerned health professional is working within the same institution as those he or she suspects; whether he or she is a local practitioner or part of an international visiting team; and the assessment of level of risk that may be involved in various courses of action. In some cases, a private discussion with trusted colleagues may be enough to clarify and bring about positive change. In other cases, there may be a need to turn (sometimes discreetly) to outside bodies, national or international (such as medical associations or human rights bodies), in order to seek advice.