Module 9: Report Writing and Testifying in Court

Module 9 Presentation: Report Writing and Testifying in Court


Module 9 Answers

Answer: A, B, C, E, F Expert medical reports and testimony can be of value in all of the contexts listed with the exception of D. As the Istanbul Protocol makes clear, a medical evaluation does not exclude the possibility … Continue reading

Self-Assessment and Quiz

In which of the following contexts may expert medical reports and testimony be of value? Prosecution of alleged perpetrators Challenging the credibility of statements extracted by torture Reparations and rehabilitation of alleged victims Exonerating law enforcement officials accused of torture … Continue reading

Appendix: Court Testimony Guidelines and Maxims

The following principles or “maxims” are excerpted from two books by Stanley Brodsky that outlines guidelines for expert witness testimony in court. Maxims 1-61 are excerpted from: Brodsky, Stanley L. Testifying in Court: Guidelines and Maxims for the Expert Witness. … Continue reading

Providing Testimony in Court

The main purpose of appearing in court is to present orally the material that has been submitted in the written report and to respond to questions from lawyers and adjucators. A judge may admit a written report into evidence without … Continue reading


Torture survivors may have difficulties in recalling and recounting the specific details of the torture experience and other parts of the history for several important reasons. Clinicians should be familiar with such factors as they can manifest as inconsistencies in … Continue reading

Content of Written Reports

The examiner should be prepared to address the following in his or her written report or affidavit: Assess possible injury and abuse, even in the absence of specific allegations by individuals, law enforcement or judicial officials; Document physical and psychological … Continue reading

General Considerations

The purpose of written reports and oral testimony is to assess claims, document evidence of torture and ill-treatment, and effectively communicate this evidence to adjudicators. The purpose is not to “prove” or “disprove” the individual’s allegations of abuse. The health … Continue reading

Written Reports

Module 9: Report Writing and Testifying in Court

Objectives To understand how to convey physical and psychological evidence in a written medical report To be familiar with the content of written forensic reports To be able to formulate appropriate interpretations and conclusions in a medical report and convey … Continue reading