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Materials

Case Summary/Referral #02

(distribute to students who conduct the interviews)

(Strong physical, moderate psychological and strong historical evidence; medical evaluation 7 days after alleged torture)

Note: This case example #02 is written for male role-player. All names included in the narrative are fictitious.

Case Narrative #02

(distribute to role-players only)

Note: Case example #02 is written for male role-players. All names included in the narrative are fictitious.

Case Summary/Referral Information

Identification

My name is Hassan Bashir Adam. I live in Khartoum, and I am 25 years-old.

Additional Information:

Past Medical/Surgical History and Psychosocial History

Past Medical/Surgical History

Before I was arrested, I had no medical problems, no major illnesses or injury, no surgery, broken bones or head injury. I never had any mental problems, nor has anyone in my family. I am not on any medications. I do not use any illegal drugs or drink alcohol. I smoke about one pack of cigarettes per day.

NOTE: Provide information in parentheses only if specifically asked by the interviewer.

Psychosocial History Pre-Arrest

I was born in Nyala and have two younger brothers. My father owns a small grocery store in Nyala and my mother helps him out at the store. I was good in school and decided to go to Khartoum University for business studies. I have had various part-time jobs, but I have never worked for my parents. My plan was to have a good job with a large company in the future. I have been an active member of the SDA (Student Democratic Front) for the past two years. Many of my friends and I were detained after the student elections last year. I was beaten, but not as bad as the others. One of my brothers was killed by security forces in Darfur about 9 months ago. My parents worry about me, because they know I am an active member of the SDF and they do not approve.

Trauma History

NOTE: At the time of arrest, there was no arrest warrant or subpoena order, search warrant, or resistance by the accused.

On dd/mm/yyyy (7 months prior to the exam date), at about 10:00 pm, four officers from the NSA came to the flat that I share with two other students. They told me that they needed to ask me some questions. I asked them if I was being charged with a crime. One of them, Abdel Salih, told me “Keep your mouth shut if you know what’s good for you.” Another one of them was named Kaleel Rahim.

I was placed in a truck with blackened windows and taken to XXX police station.

They took my mobile phone and ID card. When we arrived, they locked me in a room, about one meter by one meter and a half in size. The room was filthy and smelled of urine. There were no light and the ventilation in the room was very poor. During the time that I was detained, I had difficulty sleeping and was given only a small amount of poor quality food.

Later that night, they took me to an interrogation room and started asking questions about members of the SDF, who I knew and worked with and the nature of our work. I had made a speech recently on the situation in Darfur and they told me, “You may think you are free to criticize us, but we are free to do anything we like. We could kill you tonight and no one would care.” They tied my hands with rope and started beating me with punches, kicks, black water hoses and electric wires. This went on for more than an hour. One of them, “Rasoul,” put a plastic bag over my head and I was gasping for air. He repeated this 3 or 4 more times and I passed out.

When I woke up, they started beating me again (punches, kicks, and hoses). They forced me to take off all of my clothes. My hands were tied behind my back with a rope that was hanging from the ceiling. They lifted me off the ground; the pain was unbearable. They continued beating me while I was suspended. Then they sprayed cold water over me with a hose and forced it in my mouth and nose so I had trouble breathing. One of the agents attached a clip with some wires to my penis and my right foot. He said insulting things (Like “you won’t be needing this anymore.”). My whole body cramped violently when they shocked me. I lost consciousness after they shocked me about five or six times. When I woke up, I was on the floor. I felt several burning sensations on my right forearm. One of them had a lit cigarette in his hand. He burned my arm again and again. One of them told me, “You better stop making speeches or you will end up like your brother.” I was locked in a cell for two days before I was released. I am not guilty of anything, and no one should be treated this way. That is why I had the courage to take legal action against the people who tortured me.

Review of Torture Methods

The following history should be revealed only on further questioning, unless asked in the context of the trauma history:

Symptoms (Acute and Chronic) and Disabilities

Acute Symptoms
Chronic Symptoms
Disabilities

Psychological Evaluation and Mental Status

Mental Status

Mr. Adam was appropriately dressed and groomed and looked his stated age. He was alert, fully oriented, pleasant and cooperative throughout the evaluation. There were no gross abnormalities in movement or posture on observation. Sensory functions and motor functions appeared to be intact. He appeared to possess above average intellectual ability, with good insight and judgment. His speech was clear and fluent. There was no evidence of delusions, hallucinations or psychotic thought processes. Memory was intact. Attention and concentration appeared intact. His mood was apprehensive in the presence of the police officer who escorted him to my office, but then calm during the evaluation. There was no evidence of suicidal or homicidal ideation.

Psychological Findings

Mr. Adam did not admit to any symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or major depression. Though his affect was calm throughout most of the interview, he expressed considerable anger toward those who tortured him and the loss of his brother. Mr. Adam indicated that since being tortured, he is less sure of his future plans. He is now considering altering his career path to become more active politically. His parents have expressed strong disapproval, however; they consider his political activity to be “foolish and dangerous.” This has resulted in considerable discord between them. He and his father have not spoken to one another in the past several weeks.

Physical Examination

NOTE: Images of “virtual physical examination” findings will be presented in a separate room using PPT slides.

Interpretation and Conclusion

Per trainee’s assessment